The Product Safety Standards (Pedal Bicycles) Regulations 2000 (as amended in 2003)
Purpose of the standard
The mandatory requirements were established to ensure that bicycles supplied in the market meet certain minimum standards, by specifying performance requirements for:
- the bicycle as a whole, and
- individual components and assemblies upon which the overall safety performance of the bicycle depends.
Pedal bicycles must comply with specific sections of the standard AS/NZS 1927:1998 Pedal bicycles – Safety requirements under the Product Safety Standards (Pedal Bicycle) Regulations 2000 and the 2003 amendment.
- Sets out minimum conditions for the design, assembly and performance of pedal bicycles (in relation to handlebars, seats, brakes etc).
- Applies to new pedal bicycles, partially assembled pedal bicycles and sub-assemblies of pedal bicycles having a wheel base of 640mm or greater that are supplied by a retailer, importer, distributor or manufacturer.
The standard doesn't apply to:
- track racers
- bicycles powered by an engine
- one-of-a-kind bicycles
- recumbent bicycles
- children's bicycles — these are considered toys, and are NOT fit for use on the road
- second-hand bicycles — although when these are sold in trade they must be at least roadworthy, unless otherwise agreed at point of sale.
Where a bike is sold in a kitset or partially assembled, the parts or the packaging containing the parts must be labelled:
"WARNING — In the interests of safety it is recommended that you have this cycle assembled by a skilled mechanic."
Owner's manual required
A owner's manual must be provided for any bicycle or partially assembled bike sold. The manual must contain instructions on use and maintenance. For partially assembled bicycles, instructions on assembly must be included.
Purchasing the standard
You can purchase the pedal bicycles standard from the Standards New Zealand website.
Note: Only the version of the standard that's specifically cited in the Regulations applies — revisions after the date the law is made don't form part of the requirements. The cited standard will remain available through Standards New Zealand — check to make sure you have the correct version.
Who enforces the regulations
The Commerce Commission enforces the regulations in-market, and has prepared guidance material to help traders understand and comply with the requirements.
The New Zealand Customs Service enforces the regulations at the border — under the Fair Trading Act and the Customs and Excise Act. They may request documentary evidence of compliance and/or inspect goods before they're permitted to enter New Zealand. Non-compliant goods are deemed prohibited imports under the Fair Trading Act.